On Paranal ESO operates the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) with four 8.2-m Unit Telescopes (UTs). VISTA was handed over to the European Southern Observatory in December 2009. Se encuentra sobre el Cerro Paranal en el desierto de Atacama, perteneciente a la cordillera de la Costa, a 2635,43 msnm, a 130 km al sur de Antofagasta y a 12 km de la costa Paranal Observatory is an astronomical observatory operated by the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Cerro Paranal is a mountain in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile and is the home of the Paranal Observatory. Das Paranal-Observatorium ist eine astronomische Beobachtungsstation in der Atacamawüste im Norden Chiles, auf dem Berg Cerro Paranal. It was built close to ESO's VLT by a consortium of 18 universities from the United Kingdom, led by Queen Mary University of London. Prior to the construction of the observatory, the summit was a horizontal control point with an elevation of 2,664 m (8,740 ft);[1] now it is 2,635 m (8,645 ft) above sea level. Cerro Paranal is a mountain in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile and is the home of the Paranal Observatory. For one establishment situated on Cerro Paranal, a mountain in the Atacama Desert of the Chilean Andes, the word ‘hotel’ is something of a misnomer, as it is closed to the general public. In addition, the four main telescopes can be used simultaneously for extra light gathering capacity, and for interferometry. [1][2], The SPECULOOS Southern Observatory (SSO) consists out of four telescopes, called Europa, Io, Callisto, and Ganymede. The project builds on the success of the TRAPPIST telescope. It is the site of the Very Large Telescope and the VLT Survey Telescope. Se encuentra sobre el Cerro Paranal en el desierto de Atacama, perteneciente a la cordillera de la Costa, a 2635,43 msnm, a 130 km al sur de Antofagasta y a 12 km de la costa By total light-collecting area, it is the largest optical-infrared observatory in the Southern Hemisphere; worldwide, it is second to the Mauna Kea Observatory on Hawaii. El Observatorio Cerro Paranal es un importante centro de investigación astrofísica. Paranal Observatory is an astronomical observatory operated by the European Southern Observatory (ESO). It has gym facilities, a swimming pool, a restaurant and two gardens. The Cerro Paranal Observatory is run by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), and is so futuristic-looking that portions of the James Bond flick Quantum of Solace were filmed here. It is located 120 km (75 mi) south of Antofagasta and 80 km (50 mi) north of Taltal, as well as 15 km (9.3 mi) inland and 5 km (3.1 mi) west of highway B-710. It is located 120 km (75 mi) south of Antofagasta and 80 km (50 mi) north of Taltal, as well as 15 km (9.3 mi) inland and 5 km (3.1 mi) west of highway B-710. The Next-Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) is an exoplanet-survey facility located a few kilometers from the main peak. All of the 8.2-metre telescopes have adaptive optics and a full suite of instruments. The project aims to find exoplanets around ultracool dwarf stars and brown dwarfs. Paranal Observatory, Very Large Telescope and the future site of the Extremely Large Telescope, ELT (Cerro Paranal and Cerro Armazones, Chile): Follow astronomers and engineers as they work at the VLT — the largest visible-light telescope in the world — and see how the four Unit Telescopes are operated or maintained. El Observatorio Paranal es un observatorio astronómico óptico operado por la European Southern Observatory, ESO, ubicado en la comuna de Taltal, en la Región de Antofagasta, Chile.. By total light-collecting area, it is the largest optical-infrared observatory in the Southern Hemisphere; worldwide, it is second to the Mauna Kea Observatory on Hawaii. Paranal Observatory is an astronomical observatory operated by the European Southern Observatory (ESO). from the coast. A 360-degree panorama of the southern sky above the Paranal platform, The ESO Residencia (center left) and basecamp at Paranal, Paranal platform with the VLTs, the ATs and VST, The NGTS with the VLT and VISTA (background), Beam of the laser guide star facility at VLT's Yepun Unit, Time-lapse taken at Paranal, showing the Magellanic Clouds, This collection of video clips shows daily life at the observatory, To illustrate the isolation of the Paranal Observatory from the lights of civilization, it is located 38 kilometres (24 mi) in straight-line distance north of Paposo, population 259, the nearest community to the observatory.[7]. From an aerial view of the Paranal Observatory, the four large units of the VLT with their four small, dome-shaped auxiliary telescopes can be clearly seen. Main entrance of the Paranal Observatory. Four auxiliary telescopes of 1.8 m (71 in) each are also part of the VLTI to make it available when the main telescopes are being used for other projects. It consists of an array of twelve 0.2-meter robotic telescopes with a very large field of view of 96 square degrees or several hundred times the area of the full moon. The Survey Telescope, VST, is immediately adjacent to the VLT and seen in between two of its units, while VISTA is located on a secondary peak, some 1,500 m away in the background (see image). Le bijou du Paranal est le très grand télescope (Very large telescope, VLT), un instrument extrêmement performant qui compte 4 miroirs de 8,2 m de diamètre. These telescopes, along with four smaller auxiliary telescopes, are also combined to operate as an optical interferometer on certain nights of the year. The construction was decorated by the Chilean architect Paula Gutiérrez Erlandsen, Marchioness of la Pica.[4]. The Paranal Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in the commune of Taltal, the Second Region of Antofagasta, Chile. Dieser liegt etwa 120 km südlich der Stadt Antofagasta und 12 km von der Pazifikküste entfernt. The telescopes are located next to the NGTS. The Very Large Telescope (VLT), the largest telescope on Paranal, is composed of four separate 8.2 m (320 in) telescopes. Équipements de l’ESO au Chili : Le VLT (Cerro Paranal) Very Large Telescope, sur le Cerro Paranal (altitude : 2635 m) L’observatoire astronomique en lumière visible le plus évolué au monde ↑ Les 4 UT et trois des 4 AT — Le site du Cerro Paranal (vue satellite) ↓ En haut à gauche : … Continuer la lecture de « Cerro Paranal » It is located in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile on Cerro Paranal at 2,635 m (8,645 ft) altitude, 120 km (70 mi) south of Antofagasta. However, a highly exclusive clientele have access to its facilities and amenities throughout the year. El Observatorio Cerro Paranal es un importante centro de investigación astrofísica. Prior to the construction of the observatory, the summit was a horizontal control point with an elevation of 2,664 m (8,740 ft); now it is 2,635 m (8,645 ft) above sea level. The Carina Nebula above the Cerro Paranal Observatory in the Atacama Desert of Chile Paranal astronomical observatory at dusk, a lonely high tech place in the middle of the desert. Pertenece al Observatorio Europeo Austral (ESO) y cuenta con equipamiento de vanguardia para las investigaciones científicas en el área. Construction site of the Extremely Large Telescope on Cerro Armazones in the Chilean Atacama Desert Dentro de sus especificidades destacan sus cuatro telescopios que unidos permiten la interferometría capaz de lograr una refinada resolución espacial. eso.org/public/teles-instr/paranal-observatory/, List of largest optical reflecting telescopes, "New Exoplanet-hunting Telescopes on Paranal", NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: Paranal Moonset (4 November 2006), Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paranal_Observatory&oldid=986832795, Buildings and structures in Antofagasta Region, Articles using Infobox observatory using locally defined parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 08:09. VISTA is the Visible & Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy, a 4.0-metre telescope with a wide field of view, focusing on infrared surveys of the sky. Milky Way pictured above Cerro Paranal. The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consists of four 8.2-metre telescopes operating in the visible and infrared. It is located in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile on Cerro Paranal at 2,635 m (8,645 ft) altitude, 120 km (70 mi) south of Antofagasta. It is built half into the mountain with the concrete coloured to blend into the landscape. NGTS is managed by a partnership of seven academic institutions from Chile, Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom and its design is based on the SuperWASP project. This is located 200 m lower and 3 km from the telescopes. There's a hotel for scientists on-site, which looks like it is built underground; you'll enter the foliage-filled lobby as part of the tour. On 14 March 2013, Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, accompanied by his wife, Princess Mary, visited ESO's Paranal Observatory, as part of an official visit to Chile. The VLT hotel, the Residencia, served as a backdrop for part of the 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace. The observatory complex is situated on Cerro Paranal at 2664m above sea level, 120km south of Antofagasta; a lateral leaves the Panamericana just north of the Mano del Desierto … Science operations began in early 2015. Observatoire Cerro Paranal: le très grand télescope Avec l’Alma de Chajnantor et La Silla, Cerro Paranal est le troisième grand projet de l’Observatoire européen austral (ESO). Each UT can work independently, in which case it sends the light beam towards either a Cassegrain or one of two Nasmyth focus stations for facility instruments.. Das Paranal-Observatorium ist eine astronomische Beobachtungsstation in der Atacamawüste im Norden Chiles, auf dem Berg Cerro Paranal.Dieser liegt etwa 120 km südlich der Stadt Antofagasta und 12 km von der Pazifikküste entfernt. The VLT Survey Telescope or VST is a 2.6-metre telescope with a wide field imager intended to aid the four Very Large Telescope (VLTs) in their scientific aims. The geographical coordinates are 24 o 40' S, 70 o 25' W. [3], As well as the telescopes, control buildings and maintenance facilities, Paranal has a Residencia which provides accommodation for staff and visitors. The site also houses two survey telescopes with wide fields of view, the 4.0 m (160 in) VISTA and the 2.6 m (100 in) VLT Survey Telescope for surveying large areas of the sky; and two arrays of small telescopes called NGTS and SPECULOOS which are dedicated to searching for exoplanets. The Paranal Web Cam is an Apical NEOS360. ESO hosts the 1-meter telescopes and the project is led by the University of Liège. The observatory's facilities were used to stage the Pacific Alliance's fourth summit in June 2012, formally launching the organization. The Paranal Observatory is located on the top of Cerro Paranal in the Atacama Desert in the northern part of Chile and what is believed to be the driest area on Earth.Cerro Paranal is a 2,635-m high mountain, about 120 km south of the town of Antofagasta and 12 km inland from the Pacific Coast. The survey aims to discover numerous super-Earths and Neptune-sized planets around nearby stars, using transit photometry to detect them. This astronomical center is founded on the Cerro Paranal 2635.43 meters above sea level, in the Cordillera de la Costa, 130 kms. Pertenece al Observatorio Europeo Austral (ESO) y cuenta con equipamiento de vanguardia para las investigaciones científicas en el área. Two major new facilities are under construction nearby: the southern part of the Cherenkov Telescope Array gamma-ray telescope (not owned by ESO) will be sited in the grounds 10 km south-east of Paranal; while ESO's future E-ELT will be on the nearby peak of Cerro Armazones 20 km east of Paranal, and will share some of the base facilities. El Observatorio Paranal es un observatorio astronómico óptico operado por la European Southern Observatory, ESO, ubicado en la comuna de Taltal, en la Región de Antofagasta, Chile. [2], Media related to Cerro Paranal at Wikimedia Commons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cerro_Paranal&oldid=989203994, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 17:16. Their tour of Paranal's astronomical facilities was led by ESO's Director General, Tim de Zeeuw. It is the site of the Very Large Telescope and the VLT Survey Telescope. south of Antofagasta and 12 kms.

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